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Symposium 2015

Migrants Knocking on Europe's Doors: Towards a Coherent Response to Irregular Immigration

The Challenge

Tens of thousands of irregular migrants, mostly from Africa and the Middle East, set out for Europe each year. If they reach Europe alive, most ultimately manage to stay here - irrespective of whether they are granted political asylum or refugee status. However, many irregular immigrants first have to criss-cross Europe in search of somewhere safe to live. Later, many live off welfare for several years because they are not allowed to work. Furthermore, EU member states have been slow to support those afflicted by humanitarian crises in their neighborhood, such as the war in Syria. In addition, there are almost no legal employment opportunities for low or medium-skilled immigrants from outside the EU. This situation calls for a comprehensive policy response by the EU and its member states to address humanitarian crises, apply uniform standards for protecting refugees and for deciding on political asylum and refugee status, and provide more legal employment opportunities for non-EU immigrants.

Should the asylum system and refugee protection be controlled and financed fully by the EU in order to ensure that the same standards apply throughout the Union? Under what conditions will member states be willing to approve the required additional revenue for the European Commission? How should cooperation be organized between authorities at the European, national, and local levels and civil society organizations that currently play an important role in refugee protection? Should refugees be free to choose their country of residence within the EU? Would this lead to more irregular immigrants arriving in the EU? Should individuals be able to request refugee status while in a transit country? How can firms contribute to vocational and language training so that potential immigrants can be offered legal immigration options? Will irregular immigration decline if there are more legal immigration options?

This session is organized by Matthias Lücke, Kiel Institute for the World Economy. Please check out the tabs below for additional facts and information.

    Solutions

    Solution
    Symposium 2015

    The Mediterranean Challenge: A Global Perspective

    The Mediterranean Challenge: A Global Perspective

    The Mediterranean Challenge: A Global Perspective

    Solution
    Symposium 2015

    We Need a Greater Europeanization of Refugee Protection

    We Need a Greater Europeanization of Refugee Protection

    We Need a Greater Europeanization of Refugee Protection

    Solution
    Symposium 2015

    Tackling the Deaths and Chaos on and within Europe’s Borders by Opening Up Safe, Legal Channels for People to Claim Asylum and Come Work in Europe

    Tackling the Deaths and Chaos on and within Europe’s Borders by Opening Up Safe, Legal Channels for People to Claim Asylum and Come Work in Europe

    Tackling the Deaths and Chaos on and within Europe’s Borders by Opening Up Safe, Legal Channels for People to Claim Asylum and Come Work in Europe

    Solution
    Symposium 2015

    Give a Stronger Role to the European Union in Financing and Administering the Asylum System

    Give a Stronger Role to the European Union in Financing and Administering the Asylum System

    Give a Stronger Role to the European Union in Financing and Administering the Asylum System

    Background Paper

    Background Paper
    Symposium 2015

    Migrants knocking on Europe's doors - Towards a coherent response to irregular immigration

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society

    Virtual Library

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2015

    30 Years of Schengen: Internal Blessing, External Curse?

    This Kiel Policy Brief takes stock of the Schengen Agreement that turned 30 in 2015. It shows how the loss of internal border control in large parts of Europe has affected citizens within and outside ...

    This Kiel Policy Brief takes stock of the Schengen Agreement that turned 30 in 2015. It shows how the loss of internal border control in large parts of Europe has affected citizens within and outside of the Schengen zone. It also elaborates on how a Schengen-wide asylum policy would need to be designed to safeguard the Schengen Agreement in the future.

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2015

    The Economic Integration of Forced Migrants: Evidence from Postwar Germany

    This column analysis the effects of forced migration of Germans from central and eastern Europe after World War II. The authors find that children of forced migrants make larger investments into educa ...

    This column analysis the effects of forced migration of Germans from central and eastern Europe after World War II. The authors find that children of forced migrants make larger investments into education than the non-migrant population. With a few exceptions, however, they also show labor market outcomes to be negative.

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2015

    Tradable Refugee-Admission Quotas : A Policy Proposal to Reform the EU Asylum Policy

    In this 2014 working paper, Hillel Rapoport and Jesus Fernandez-Huertas Moraga propose a system of tradable quotas to reallocate refugees among EU member countries, combined with a matching procedure ...

    In this 2014 working paper, Hillel Rapoport and Jesus Fernandez-Huertas Moraga propose a system of tradable quotas to reallocate refugees among EU member countries, combined with a matching procedure to take into account refugees' preferences. They take the initial allocation of refugees to EU member states as given.

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2015

    When the Best Option is a Leaky Boat: Why Migrants Risk Their Lives Crossing the Mediterranean and What Europe is Doing About It

    In this policy brief, Philippe Fargues and Sara Bonfanti take a close look at the the risks incurred by migrants crossing the Mediterranean Sea, their motives in terms of labor migration vs. seeking p ...

    In this policy brief, Philippe Fargues and Sara Bonfanti take a close look at the the risks incurred by migrants crossing the Mediterranean Sea, their motives in terms of labor migration vs. seeking protection, the pull effects of the "mare nostrum"  Italian navy operation, and alternative responses by the EU such as pre-voyage intervention.

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2015

    Legal Entry Channels to the EU for Persons in Need of International Protection: A Toolbox

    This report by the EU Agency for Fundmental Rights looks at practical ways of enabling refugees to reach Europe and seek protection without risking their lives.

    This report by the EU Agency for Fundmental Rights looks at practical ways of enabling refugees to reach Europe and seek protection without risking their lives.

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2015

    Facing 2020: Developing a New European Agenda for Immigration and Asylum Policy

    In this policy brief, Elisabeth Collett suggests practical ways to make EU policy-making on immigration and asylum policies  more effective, given the combined challenges of irregular migration acros ...

    In this policy brief, Elisabeth Collett suggests practical ways to make EU policy-making on immigration and asylum policies  more effective, given the combined challenges of irregular migration across the Mediterranean Sea and the long-term need to attract immigrants as Europe seeks to remain a diverse, competitive society.