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Tackling Youth Unemployment

The Challenge

Among the world's unemployed, young people have been particularly hard hit. Youth unemployment rates are significantly higher than adult unemployment rates in both developed and developing countries. Global protest movements of young people are a manifestation of their lack of job prospects.

On the one hand, higher youth unemployment can simply result from frequent job changes and short intermediate unemployment spells. It may be natural for young people to switch jobs more frequently before a good match with an employer is achieved.

On the other hand, high youth unemployment can result from deeply rooted problems, such as a lack of relevant education and training, rigid labor markets and discrimination. Unemployment spells at a young age may also have persistent negative consequences for subsequent careers.

Since young people may have different abilities and different goals to adults, should there be distinct youth unemployment policies and should labor market regulation pay specific attention to young people? As technological innovations and globalization continue to affect the workplace, how can unemployed youth be supported in their efforts to adjust to organizational change? What skills do young people need and how can they be taught and acquired?

    Solutions

    Solution

    Governments should guarantee the young...

     
    Governments should guarantee the young either a job or access to training.

    Governments should guarantee the young either a job or access to training.

    Polity
    Solution

    Replace the system of temporary...

     
    Replace the system of temporary and permanent employment contracts with a single type of open-ended contracts with gradually increasing employment protection.

    Replace the system of temporary and permanent employment contracts with a single type of open-ended contracts with gradually increasing employment protection.

    Polity, Business
    Solution

    Use extensive surveys of firms...

     
    Use extensive surveys of firms to determine skills needs and then steer the young into appropriate education and training programs.

    Use extensive surveys of firms to determine skills needs and then steer the young into appropriate education and training programs.

    Polity, Business
    Solution

    Promote vocational training and foster...

     
    Promote vocational training and foster uptake.

    Promote vocational training and foster uptake.

    Polity, Business
    Solution

    Adopt a dual approach to...

     
    Adopt a dual approach to training: address unemployment among educated young people with compulsory on-the-job training and placement schemes and among uneducated young people with vocational training.

    Adopt a dual approach to training: address unemployment among educated young people with compulsory on-the-job training and placement schemes and among uneducated young people with vocational training.

    Polity
    Solution

    Create Internet platforms that support...

     
    Create Internet platforms that support remote work and "trade in tasks."

    Create Internet platforms that support remote work and "trade in tasks."

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society

    Proposals

    Proposal

    Urgent EU actions against youth unemployment needed now

     
    Tackling the very high youth unemployment is vital for ensuring a sustainable economic and social future of Europe. The great recession caused by the global financial and economic crisis has taken its ...

    Tackling the very high youth unemployment is vital for ensuring a sustainable economic and social future of Europe. The great recession caused by the global financial and economic crisis has taken its toll on European youth. The situation has further worsened in particular in the Member States affected by the sovereign debt crisis, with spill-overs also to countries that are not part of the Eurozone. To illustrate this with only one figure: in the large EU economies Italy and Spain one in five young under 30 years old is not in employment, education or training. Employment policies, although largely a

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Proposal

    Fighting Youth Labor Market Chronic Problems

     
    The Great Recession has brought renewed attention to the difficulties faced by youth labor markets. The crisis has taken an outsized toll on young workers across the world, but especially in advanced ...

    The Great Recession has brought renewed attention to the difficulties faced by youth labor markets. The crisis has taken an outsized toll on young workers across the world, but especially in advanced economies which were hit harder and are recovering more slowly than emerging market and developing economies. These difficulties include not only high unemployment rates and scarring effects from poor employment outcomes right after leaving education but also the resulting risk of social and economic exclusion. One clear manifestation of the latter is the growing share of the so-called NEET (those neither in employment nor in education or training)

    Polity, Business, Civil Society
    Proposal

    Introduce Innovative partnership between educational institutions & employers to guarantee ‘On the Job Training ‘leading to sustained employability

     
    Youth unemployment spans two broad spheres of the educated unemployed and the uneducated unemployed. Educated Unemployed: a festering problemYoung workers are the heart of any progressive society. Tac ...

    Youth unemployment spans two broad spheres of the educated unemployed and the uneducated unemployed. Educated Unemployed: a festering problemYoung workers are the heart of any progressive society. Tackling the swelling numbers of the educated youth is therefore critical. One of the ways to tackle this problem would be to revamp the educational system. Bringing in a robust reform in the form of compulsory industrial, on-the-job-training for a minimum period of one year would be a starting point directly addressing the need of the engaging the educated youth. This intensive training programme would focus on capacity building relevant for industrial employment.

    Polity, Business
    Proposal

    Youth Unemployment

     
    The most effective way to reduce youth unemployment is to use a battery of complementary policy actions – more specifically a combination of macroeconomic policies, general labor market reforms and ...

    The most effective way to reduce youth unemployment is to use a battery of complementary policy actions – more specifically a combination of macroeconomic policies, general labor market reforms and targeted policies to increase the demand and supply of labor for young workers. In some countries, youth unemployment rates are only half or a third of the rates in other countries. Already this simple observation suggests that high unemployment for young people is not unavoidable and that, most likely, the level of youth unemployment depends on institutions and policies. First of all, it is well known that youth unemployment is

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Proposal

    Tackling Youth Unemployment

     
    1. Promote Junior-Senior teams Young and old workers face a similar problem on the labour market: they have higher unemployment rates than prime age adults. Yet, the reasons for their unemployment are ...

    1. Promote Junior-Senior teams Young and old workers face a similar problem on the labour market: they have higher unemployment rates than prime age adults. Yet, the reasons for their unemployment are different: young workers typically lack work experience, while old workers have lost out in terms of productivity. A solution is the promotion of junior-senior teams, where a young worker teams up with an old worker. Their skills are often highly complementary. The formation of such teams supports the transfer of expert knowledge and experience from the old to the young worker. Moreover, the young worker may help the

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society

    Background Paper

    Background Paper

    Tackling Youth Unemployment

     
    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society

    Open Library

    Publication