You are here: Home Knowledge Base Society Migration, Integration and Identity Solutions To support investments in human and social capital and to foster integration, allow labor migration to be long-term or even permanent, and provide clear and transparent rules for a path ...
Symposium 2011

Solution for Migration, Integration and Identity

The Challenge

Migration is a central dimension of globalization. It entails major challenges but also major opportunities for countries of origin and countries of destination, as well as migrants themselves. Advanc ...

Migration is a central dimension of globalization. It entails major challenges but also major opportunities for countries of origin and countries of destination, as well as migrants themselves. Advances in information and communications technologies and affordable travel allow migrants to be part of life in both their home and host countries.

To support investments in human and social capital and to foster integration, allow labor migration to be long-term or even permanent, and provide clear and transparent rules for a path to permanent residency.

To foster integration of migrants, labor migration should be allowed to be mostly long-term or even permanent. This does not necessarily imply the immediate and unconditional granting of long-term or permanent residence rights to all migrant workers. Incentives to integrate may also be improved by conditioning the granting of permanent residence rights (and citizenship) on realistic integration achievements in a transparent, timely and predictable way.

Time-limited work permits or uncertainties about migrants’ permanent status in the host country may severely hinder their investments in firm- or country-specific human and social capital that would enhance their productivity potential and support their economic and social integration.

Migrants’ own incentives as well as employers’ and government’s incentives to invest in their skills and integration are substantially reduced for temporary migrants. Reduced public and private investments in the integration and development of migrants are a particularly severe problem if what is initially thought of as temporary migration becomes permanent—as with the “guest worker” programs in several European countries in the 1960s.

    Related Solutions

    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    Educate both migrants and host populations to foster mutual understanding of their respective cultures and values, and thus ease adaptation and integration.

    Educate both migrants and host populations to foster mutual understanding of their respective cultures and values, and thus ease adaptation and integration.

    Educate both migrants and host populations to foster mutual understanding of their respective cultures and values, and thus ease adaptation and integration.

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    Require and support migrants’ investments in learning the language of the destination country; and expand language education in origin countries.

    Require and support migrants’ investments in learning the language of the destination country; and expand language education in origin countries.

    Require and support migrants’ investments in learning the language of the destination country; and expand language education in origin countries.

    Polity, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    For medium- to high-skilled migrants, design migration policies to align their skills better with the labor market needs of the destination country. To this end, allow for direct private sector ...

    For medium- to high-skilled migrants, design migration policies to align their skills better with the labor market needs of the destination country. To this end, allow for direct private sector and pr ...

    For medium- to high-skilled migrants, design migration policies to align their skills better with the labor market needs of the destination country. To this end, allow for direct private sector and private employment agencies’ involvement based on internationally recognized recruitment standards and principles.

    Polity, Business, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    For low- to medium-skilled migrants, host countries should adopt temporary or circular labor migration programs in sectors with transient or cyclical skill shortages. But they should prevent the exploitation of ...

    For low- to medium-skilled migrants, host countries should adopt temporary or circular labor migration programs in sectors with transient or cyclical skill shortages. But they should prevent the explo ...

    For low- to medium-skilled migrants, host countries should adopt temporary or circular labor migration programs in sectors with transient or cyclical skill shortages. But they should prevent the exploitation of workers and ensure their return to origin countries after a set period through simple repatriation rules and compulsory saving schemes where payout is contingent on the migrant leaving the host country.

    Polity, Business, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    Pursue an inclusive citizenship policy: encourage naturalization, remove inappropriate barriers to citizenship and acknowledge dual citizenship to foster integration and strengthen democratic participation.

    Pursue an inclusive citizenship policy: encourage naturalization, remove inappropriate barriers to citizenship and acknowledge dual citizenship to foster integration and strengthen democratic particip ...

    Pursue an inclusive citizenship policy: encourage naturalization, remove inappropriate barriers to citizenship and acknowledge dual citizenship to foster integration and strengthen democratic participation.

    Polity, Civil Society