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Symposium 2012

Proposal - Designing Intelligent Labor Migration Policies

The Challenge

While the world economy continues to become more global, international labor mobility remains severely restricted for all but those with rare or high skills. Many people in developing countries would ...

While the world economy continues to become more global, international labor mobility remains severely restricted for all but those with rare or high skills. Many people in developing countries would like to emigrate legally to work abroad but they do not qualify for admission to destination countries. This is because policy-makers typically focus on the net national economic impact when considering reforms of their labor migration policies and they naturally respond to public opinion about that impact.

 

The Problem
In Brazil, there is the need for policies in order to attract and keep qualified professionals in strategical areas as one national development vector.

  • Generation of science, technology and innovation;
  • Increase of GDP;
  • Social-economic Development;
  • Facilitation of new commercial partnerships, and
  • Increase of the political projection in the international scenario.

 

Exception
It is not about increasing competition for national workers, but:

  • Creating competence or knowledge transfer;
  • Promoting the development of strategical industries;
  • Enlarging the critical and base mass economically active of the Country in the next decades, and
  • Building synergic politics of development and human rights.

 

The Risk Represented by "Drenagem de Cérebros" (Brain Drainage)

  • Several developed countries (such as U.S.A., Canada, Australia and the United kingdom) have aggressive politics in order to attract talents of developing countries.
  • It is necessary to avoid that, with the increase of the investment in education, Brazil becomes more and more one victim of the “brains drainage”.

 

The Chance
Preparing public politics is required that allow taking advantage of the opportune coincidence between:

  • The stage of the Brazilian population in the process of demographic transition,
  • The current attractiveness of Brazil for migrants all over the world, and
  • The possibility to improve the institutional structure of the Brazilian State in order to make it compatible with the complexity of the contemporary world.

 

Guidelines for Public Policies on Immigration
It is essential that public politics intended to immigration may account for:

  • analyses of the conditioning factors of the migratory flows and projection of the migration impacts;
  • the imperative of the human rights guarantee;
  • the integration of the migrant population to the Brazilian society;
  • the maintenance of the national security;
  • the Brazilian geopolitical strategy;
  • the development of commercial partnerships in the international scenario;
  • the progression of the corporate sector with the strengthening of the entrepreneurship;
  • the effect of the attraction of qualified immigrants on the national social economical productivity and development, and
  • the strengthening of the national framework of science, technology and innovation.

 

Preliminary Conclusions

  • Currently, there is instruments deficit in order to prepare efficient public politics oriented to the immigration theme as development vector.
  • Brazil needs larger integration between the migration politics, social-economic development politics, CT&I, development of commercial partnerships and foreign affairs politics.
  • There is the chance of institutional development in order to provide effective tools for coordination, alignment with flows of information, accumulation, crossing and data analysis required for the formulation of strategical politics.
  • Brazil has sound structures of State, however Brazil could benefit from the creation of one specific agency, capable of promoting initiatives, corporately strengthen the existing structures and articulating the multiple institutional performers involved in the immigration management.

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