You are here: Home Knowledge Base Polity Identifying and Preventing Future Security Threats Solutions Revive arms control negotiations with the aim of achieving global nuclear zero. Consider and meet the security concerns of those states that seek to acquire or retain possession of nuclear ...
Symposium 2011

Solution for Identifying and Preventing Future Security Threats

The Challenge

The last decade has clearly demonstrated that the nature of threats to international security has changed significantly. Structural challenges, such as terrorism, cyber-attacks and nuclear prolifera ...

The last decade has clearly demonstrated that the nature of threats to international security has changed significantly. Structural challenges, such as terrorism, cyber-attacks and nuclear proliferation, have created an entirely new security environment. National states’ monopoly on using force is eroding, state boundaries have lost much of their importance and private actors have become increasingly powerful in international security.

Revive arms control negotiations with the aim of achieving global nuclear zero. Consider and meet the security concerns of those states that seek to acquire or retain possession of nuclear weapons.

Besides difficult verification problems, the basic fault with the existing arms control regimes is that the signatories are either states with “weapons of mass destruction,” which wish to prevent others from obtaining them, or those with no ambition to proliferate. It would be, thus, of considerable importance if the five official nuclear weapons states under the nuclear nonproliferation treaty (NPT)—Britain, China, France, Russia and the US—were to engage in serious nuclear arms reduction talks and open their nuclear industries to international supervision, as they are required to do under the treaty.

Nuclear zero might never be reached but a serious effort towards this end by the nuclear weapons states would breathe new life into the NPT regime and might serve to encourage nuclear weapons states like Pakistan and India to join. To bring Pakistan and India under the NPT, thereby opening their nuclear facilities to inspections and control, would significantly strengthen the nonproliferation regime in South Asia.

Sound intelligence collection and assessment, buttressed by targeted distribution, is the most effective method of limiting future security threats. On a global scale this can only be realized through an international institution. Thus, the International Atomic Energy Authority must be strengthened to ensure that it has the expertise and resources needed to prevent proliferation

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