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Symposium 2011

Identifying and Preventing Future Security Threats

The Challenge

The last decade has clearly demonstrated that the nature of threats to international security has changed significantly. Structural challenges, such as terrorism, cyber-attacks and nuclear proliferation, have created an entirely new security environment. National states’ monopoly on using force is eroding, state boundaries have lost much of their importance and private actors have become increasingly powerful in international security.

History demonstrates that many security threats would never have grown into a fully-fledged problem, if they had been identified and addressed at an earlier stage. Today, leaders and societies have to act as early as possible to reduce the probability that risks develop their potential of turning into serious threats for to regional or global security. It is vital to identify potential scenarios where terrorism, insurgency, nuclear proliferation or cyber-attacks could evolve from being abstract and hypothetical menaces into posing real and severe problems — and seeking tangible solutions for prevention.

In terms of counterterrorism, counterinsurgency and political engagement, how should governments and international organizations deal with non-state aggressors in present and future conflicts? How can weak governments that are threatened by non-state aggressors be supported most efficiently?

How much damage can possibly be done by cyber-attacks? How should states that are perpetrators be addressed?

Can the emergence of new nuclear powers and potential regional nuclear armament races be stopped? How likely is the threat of terrorism using weapons of mass destruction?

In what respects are the threats of terrorism, cyber-attacks and nuclear proliferation inter-related? What responses follow from these inter-relationships? How should strategies to address these threats—by governments, international organizations and private enterprises—become inter-related?

    Solutions

    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    Revive arms control negotiations with the aim of achieving global nuclear zero. Consider and meet the security concerns of those states that seek to acquire or retain possession of nuclear ...

    Revive arms control negotiations with the aim of achieving global nuclear zero. Consider and meet the security concerns of those states that seek to acquire or retain possession of nuclear weapons.

    Revive arms control negotiations with the aim of achieving global nuclear zero. Consider and meet the security concerns of those states that seek to acquire or retain possession of nuclear weapons.

    Polity, Business
    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    Increase counterterrorism capacities, enhance international cooperation and project marketing and educational strategies into terrorists’ environment.

    Increase counterterrorism capacities, enhance international cooperation and project marketing and educational strategies into terrorists’ environment.

    Increase counterterrorism capacities, enhance international cooperation and project marketing and educational strategies into terrorists’ environment.

    Polity
    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    Overcome the segmentation of threat response capabilities in favor of a systemic approach that appreciates the full spectrum of threats and improves system resilience. In addition, recognize the ecosystemic dimensions ...

    Overcome the segmentation of threat response capabilities in favor of a systemic approach that appreciates the full spectrum of threats and improves system resilience. In addition, recognize the ecosy ...

    Overcome the segmentation of threat response capabilities in favor of a systemic approach that appreciates the full spectrum of threats and improves system resilience. In addition, recognize the ecosystemic dimensions of threats to human security.

    Polity
    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    Support fragile states by putting a premium on legitimacy and work through international and regional organizations. Include perpetrators and their supporters as a part of the solution.

    Support fragile states by putting a premium on legitimacy and work through international and regional organizations. Include perpetrators and their supporters as a part of the solution.

    Support fragile states by putting a premium on legitimacy and work through international and regional organizations. Include perpetrators and their supporters as a part of the solution.

    Polity

    Proposals

    Proposal
    Symposium 2011

    Artificial island: Ultimate solution for environmental refugees

    Traditionally we often talked about refugees caused by either political or economical reason. However we should pay much more attention to so called refugees caused by natural disasters nowadays, for ...

    Traditionally we often talked about refugees caused by either political or economical reason. However we should pay much more attention to so called refugees caused by natural disasters nowadays, for example Japan was heavily damaged by the Great East Japan Earthquake, furthermore the number of these types of refugees have been increasing internationally. In addition, from the latest experience, we should think about the necessity of following supports for the refugees; (a) Urgent support Just after a huge disaster occurrence, altering living places and resources for refugees have to be prepared as soon as possible, because their large demand causes

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Proposal
    Symposium 2011

    Identifying and Preventing Future Security Threats

    The widely shared objectives of peace, prosperity, and participation have been threatened for centuries by the military conflict between states brought about by competing ideologies and interests. The ...

    The widely shared objectives of peace, prosperity, and participation have been threatened for centuries by the military conflict between states brought about by competing ideologies and interests. The world now faces three additional threats – nuclear proliferation, terrorism, and cyber-attacks that have different characteristics from classic military conflict between states and create an entirely new security environment. The monopoly of military force that make nation states the dominant force in conventional war is eroded by the new threats that empower subnational groups and make national boundaries less relevant. Political leaders must act to reduce these threats and adopt concrete

    Polity, Business, Civil Society
    Proposal
    Symposium 2011

    Identifying and Preventing Future Security Threats

    Question 1: Counterterrorism, counterinsurgency, political engagement – How to deal with non-state aggressors in present and future conflicts? Proposed Answer: Terrorism is mostly about expectations ...

    Question 1: Counterterrorism, counterinsurgency, political engagement – How to deal with non-state aggressors in present and future conflicts? Proposed Answer: Terrorism is mostly about expectations. The main purpose of an attack is not only to cause physical damage, but to make people afraid. And it is the fear and the irrationality that it may arouse that we must challenge. London suffered horrible damage during the Second World War. People were of course afraid, but we must remember that many did come from the countryside to spend a weekend in the city and share with Londoners their burden. The Nazi

    Polity, Civil Society
    Proposal
    Symposium 2011

    Integrate appreciation, prioritise response, recognize vulnerability

    First, security is comprehensive, best characterized as a state of freedom from danger or threat. This encompasses all types – global security, national security, human security, personal security, ...

    First, security is comprehensive, best characterized as a state of freedom from danger or threat. This encompasses all types – global security, national security, human security, personal security, information security, cybersecurity, etc.Second, security is never absolute, always relative. In principle, one seeks proportionality: the greater the potential damage a threat poses, the greater the protection one desires, and the greater the investment one will make to secure it. The willingness to invest is influenced not only by the damage that may be inflicted (the impact), but also by the likelihood of the threat materializing (the probability).Third, the human condition is

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Proposal
    Symposium 2011

    Identifying and Preventing Future Security Threats

    “The past is another country. They do things differently there”.L.P. Hartley, The Go-Between 1923 Ten years on from “9/11” the scope and nature of systemic change in the global security enviro ...

    “The past is another country. They do things differently there”.L.P. Hartley, The Go-Between 1923 Ten years on from “9/11” the scope and nature of systemic change in the global security environment is becoming ever more visible. As metaphors for this new age of strategic uncertainty, the interrelated threats of terrorism, cyber-attacks and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) stand out. Apparently, there are only two things that can be said with any certainty. First, the nature of contemporary security challenges has finally brought the age of Clausewitz to an end. States no longer have a monopoly over

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society