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Symposium 2008

Fighting Corruption in Developing Countries

The Challenge

Poorer countries tend to be measurably more corrupt than richer countries. But the debate about causality is still open. Is corruption the single most important reason why many sensible reforms essential for economic development fail in developing economies, or does economic development raise demand for fighting corruption?

At a given level of development, what are the costs of corruption and the most promising means of removing corruption from institutions – in government administration, security forces and business? Does encouraging whistle-blowing produce desired outcomes? How can exit opportunities be provided for petty offenders? Are fostering transparency, advising citizens on how to make complaints and establishing institutions to handle the resulting cases promising solutions in practice? Are monetary incentives effective? Does cultural heritage render attempts to improve governance a futile effort? Is ethical training possible? What is the role of business in encouraging good public and private governance?

    Solutions

    Solution
    Symposium 2008

    Empower civil society – at the global, national and local level – to build coalitions against corruption. Use a holistic approach to fighting corruption, including an integrity system with elements ...

    Empower civil society – at the global, national and local level – to build coalitions against corruption. Use a holistic approach to fighting corruption, including an integrity system with element ...

    Empower civil society – at the global, national and local level – to build coalitions against corruption. Use a holistic approach to fighting corruption, including an integrity system with elements such as whistleblower protection and exit opportunities for offenders.

    Polity, Business, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2008

    Stop global companies from bribing decision-makers in developing countries.

    Stop global companies from bribing decision-makers in developing countries.

    Stop global companies from bribing decision-makers in developing countries.

    Business
    Solution
    Symposium 2008

    Gain experience in measuring the costs of corruption at the micro level. Define good practice by improved indicators of corruption.

    Gain experience in measuring the costs of corruption at the micro level. Define good practice by improved indicators of corruption.

    Gain experience in measuring the costs of corruption at the micro level. Define good practice by improved indicators of corruption.

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2008

    Use checks and balances within government to fight systemic corruption.

    Use checks and balances within government to fight systemic corruption.

    Use checks and balances within government to fight systemic corruption.

    Polity
    Solution
    Symposium 2008

    Do not restrict the fight against corruption to prosecution of senior officials involved in graft; instead fight corruption at all relevant levels. Deal with corruption politically and head-on, rather than ...

    Do not restrict the fight against corruption to prosecution of senior officials involved in graft; instead fight corruption at all relevant levels. Deal with corruption politically and head-on, rather ...

    Do not restrict the fight against corruption to prosecution of senior officials involved in graft; instead fight corruption at all relevant levels. Deal with corruption politically and head-on, rather than through the finance of political competition.

    Polity

    Proposals

    Proposal
    Symposium 2008

    Fighting Corruption in Developing Countries

    With regard to high-level corruption of the kind that captures the public imagination certain realities are now bring brought to bear. First, media has grown exponentially in scale, reach and sophisti ...

    With regard to high-level corruption of the kind that captures the public imagination certain realities are now bring brought to bear. First, media has grown exponentially in scale, reach and sophistication in Africa and this is reflected in the dramatic increase in coverage of corruption-related issues. The rhetoric of political leaders has matched this increase but the effectiveness of the 'machinery of anti-corruption' has not. As a result - perception is now more powerful than reality where corruption in Africa is concerned. These perceptions have a huge impact on political behaviour and often in divisive ways. Making the 'frying of

    Polity
    Proposal
    Symposium 2008

    Takeaway from last Chapter of "Economic Gangsters: Corruption, Violence, and the Poverty of Nations"

    Economic principles, together with common sense, can serve as useful guides for what might be effective policies in fighting corruption. Economic incentives surely matter, so a good starting point is ...

    Economic principles, together with common sense, can serve as useful guides for what might be effective policies in fighting corruption. Economic incentives surely matter, so a good starting point is to think about the carrots and sticks that motivate potentially corrupt officials. Can greater government financial transparency, perhaps through Web postings of highway contract announcements and more details on the winning bids, help curtail kickbacks in Indonesian road building? Will lowering or linking tariffs on similar products dampen the incentives for bribe-paying traders? Or how about increasing the salaries of government officials to reduce the need to supplement their incomes

    Polity, Civil Society
    Proposal
    Symposium 2008

    Summary of proposed solutions

    Indeed, corruption is the most important reason for failed reforms, and therefore immense damage, particularly in developing countries. Damage: World Bank estimate: US$ 1 trillion p.a. paid in bribes. ...

    Indeed, corruption is the most important reason for failed reforms, and therefore immense damage, particularly in developing countries. Damage: World Bank estimate: US$ 1 trillion p.a. paid in bribes. Real damage much higher: Perversion of economic policies, destruction of democracy. Solutions have to be seen in the context of failing governance in globalized economy. Nation State focussed paradigm of governance is inadequate to shape globalization; new paradigm has to recognize and empower significant other actors: private sector and civil society. Coalitions between government, private enterprise and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) offer solutions. Genesis of International Grand Corruption illustrates helplessness

    Polity, Business, Civil Society
    Proposal
    Symposium 2008

    Fighting Corruption in Developing Countries

    Measuring the costs of corruption at the micro level Corruption can be defined as the misuse of office for private gain which covers a wide array of illicit behaviours, including bribery, extortion, f ...

    Measuring the costs of corruption at the micro level Corruption can be defined as the misuse of office for private gain which covers a wide array of illicit behaviours, including bribery, extortion, fraud, nepotism, graft, speed money, embezzlement, falsification of records, kickbacks, and influence-peddling. Hence, researchers still encounter difficulties in estimating the costs of this phenomenon at the micro level. Creating experiments to gather data to study the causes and consequences of corruption is an area in which one can make a plausible call for action. The corrupt system itself should be analyzed from beginning to end. In order to

    Polity, Academia