You are here: Home Knowledge Base Polity Favelas - A Global Challenge and Opportunity Proposals Participation as a public policy
Symposium 2012

Proposal - Participation as a public policy

The Challenge

Slums or "favelas" are a distinguishing feature of the world’s "megacities." Caracas, Hong Kong, Manila, Mumbai and Rio de Janeiro would be different places if slums were not part of their landscapes.

Slums or "favelas" are a distinguishing feature of the world’s "megacities." Caracas, Hong Kong, Manila, Mumbai and Rio de Janeiro would be different places if slums were not part of their landscapes.

I think this is the way to work this issue. For the last 30 years we have seen housing policies failing very strongly because they regard only in the housing matter. Like some of the solutions offered by the program "Minha Casa Minha vida" . In lots of cases, those were projects developed far away from the original place were the family lives, from the school of their childs -and don't have any nearby school at all-, from their working places, without a playground and communes support, and without the usual services these families are used to have close of their home (supermarkets, banks, etc.).

Another example is, from what I have seen in Chile and Argentina, that there were families that wanted to go back to the settlements conditions because they were happier there. And this is what it’s all about, offering citizens the opportunity to develop happily.

So the thing is: if YOU are going to move, despite the way you are living, you will move because is your decision, and is your choice where and how you want to live. So this is the way we tend to work on TECHO: working with the people, horizontally, and with a communitarian point of view; we understand that collectively violated rights must be claim collectively too.

The thing is, it is logical that the State can't make a taylor-made policy to recognize the violated rights of each citizen, but it must make the effort to have the best approach possible... So that the subject of the policy can participate in decisions, have transparent information, influence in the design of the solutions, and also, of course, work for it.

On the other hand, if we continue with the eradication policy of throwing slum dwellers at the side of the cities, this solutions will have a positive impact in the material housing conditions; nevertheless if the people is not happy with the solution in the long term, it contributes to exacerbate the exclusion, and of course, the social resentment.

As a conclusion of this matter I would like to make the proposal of start designing participation models of public policies.

Two ways challenge: We don't have to think about working only in the favelas, but out of it too.

The problem of exclusion has a two way challenge: one part of the society who is considered "included", and the excluded. Of course the work in the favelas is one big challenge, but won't succeed if we don't see this as a big society challenge. This means for example that it must be a thing to be work in poor schools as in rich schools, promoting integration; in the working field, at the universities, etc ...

The urgency of the issue...

The settlements in the extreme conditions as we are seeing now a day have had a dynamic movement of people that have been accelerated in the past years. The rural-urban inmigration, the working opportunities, concentration of public services will make, for instance, slums to continue growing until we start giving the urban exclusion the priority it has.

If the housing policy continues with the trend of going far behind the social requirements, being lately reactive, vertical and insufficient; it will tend to consolidate the favela identity... Young people whose father and grand father have been living in a favelas, with the violent environment, the overcrowding, the social exclusion, will have the social resentment in their DNA, and by the other half, society will emphasize the social stigmata that favela means stealing, drougs, dishonest, poorly living conditions, “want them far away”, etc... Making our Latinamerican society poorer and poorer, divided, with citizen that hate each others just by the way they dress, and this, madams and sirs, is not a society where I would like my children to live in.

    Related Proposals

    Proposal
    Symposium 2012

    Favelas - Global Challenge and Opportunity

    Since the Favela Bairro Program, PAC, MCMV until the current Morar Carioca, a great experience was built capable of being used in different contexts nowadays. Socio-spatial structuring plans, coordina ...

    Since the Favela Bairro Program, PAC, MCMV until the current Morar Carioca, a great experience was built capable of being used in different contexts nowadays. Socio-spatial structuring plans, coordinated by the public power, with participation of projects receivers and with consistency in the coordination of urban, architectonic, environmental and infrastructural aspects, are the path in order to redirect our urban age. The favelas in each country and in each city shows peculiarities and scales that determine the need for a specific approach, grounded on reading the place structure, in the "listening" of demands and multidisciplinary intersection. It is necessary to

    Polity, Academia
    Proposal
    Symposium 2012

    Strategies for Socio-Spatial Articulations

    One important aspect of contemporary global problems in the big cities is related to the bad conditions of life of a significant part of population, and with the broken city and society, that demands ...

    One important aspect of contemporary global problems in the big cities is related to the bad conditions of life of a significant part of population, and with the broken city and society, that demands to be articulated. The most important task of “social urbanism” requires the connection of formal and informal parts of the city offering better conditions of life for all citizens (poor and rich sectors) which implies to rearticulate the relations between city, urbanity, landscape and qualified public spaces. The challenge, in this sense, lies in the elaboration of specific concepts, the application of a methodology for the

    Polity, Civil Society