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Symposium 2012

Favelas - A Global Challenge and Opportunity

The Challenge

Slums or "favelas" are a distinguishing feature of the world’s "megacities." Caracas, Hong Kong, Manila, Mumbai and Rio de Janeiro would be different places if slums were not part of their landscapes.

The favelas have also become a social and urban planning phenomenon that is extremely challenging for those who run cities. Key issues include employment, housing, health, sanitation and urban infrastructure; there is also the challenge of violence management.

Slums normally occupy areas that are unsuitable for construction, primarily because of topographical features or sanitation issues. This physical configuration and the lack of planning make access roads very difficult, but they also stimulate creativity and unprecedented urban solutions. In some cities, slums have more ephemeral characteristics: they emerge in abandoned fields near areas of recent urbanization or booming industrial expansion.

How can the social and urban planning challenges of favelas be addressed? What are promising approaches in employment, housing, health, sanitation and urban infrastructure? Could initiatives implemented by different government sectors and other stakeholders (such as multilateral development institutions), which have achieved consistent results in housing and the control of violence, be scaled up?

Could successful implementations, as with the UPPs (Pacifying Police Units) installed in Rio and Medellin, be applied to other countries and regions? What are implementable cultural and transport solutions?

What innovations can the private sector contribute? Is provision of better education the basis for the process of transformation of these communities? And how can awareness be raised so that citizens of the favelas demand improvements in the quality of their lives?

    Solutions

    Solution
    Symposium 2012

    Foster a greater sense of self-determination and choice by initiating "grassroots" discussions and local group decisions to promote change and involving professional intermediaries to communicate the community's agenda.

    Foster a greater sense of self-determination and choice by initiating "grassroots" discussions and local group decisions to promote change and involving professional intermediaries to communicate the ...

    Foster a greater sense of self-determination and choice by initiating "grassroots" discussions and local group decisions to promote change and involving professional intermediaries to communicate the community's agenda.

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2012

    To improve local communities, build open plan cultural spaces composed of multiuse green spaces, libraries, entertainment venues and meeting halls.

    To improve local communities, build open plan cultural spaces composed of multiuse green spaces, libraries, entertainment venues and meeting halls.

    To improve local communities, build open plan cultural spaces composed of multiuse green spaces, libraries, entertainment venues and meeting halls.

    Polity, Business
    Solution
    Symposium 2012

    Expand public transport systems to enhance social inclusion and improve employment opportunities for residents living in disadvantaged neighborhoods; and provide job-specific training to local residents to build these systems.

    Expand public transport systems to enhance social inclusion and improve employment opportunities for residents living in disadvantaged neighborhoods; and provide job-specific training to local residen ...

    Expand public transport systems to enhance social inclusion and improve employment opportunities for residents living in disadvantaged neighborhoods; and provide job-specific training to local residents to build these systems.

    Polity, Business

    Proposals

    Proposal
    Symposium 2012

    Favelas - Global Challenge and Opportunity

    Since the Favela Bairro Program, PAC, MCMV until the current Morar Carioca, a great experience was built capable of being used in different contexts nowadays. Socio-spatial structuring plans, coordina ...

    Since the Favela Bairro Program, PAC, MCMV until the current Morar Carioca, a great experience was built capable of being used in different contexts nowadays. Socio-spatial structuring plans, coordinated by the public power, with participation of projects receivers and with consistency in the coordination of urban, architectonic, environmental and infrastructural aspects, are the path in order to redirect our urban age. The favelas in each country and in each city shows peculiarities and scales that determine the need for a specific approach, grounded on reading the place structure, in the "listening" of demands and multidisciplinary intersection. It is necessary to

    Polity, Academia
    Proposal
    Symposium 2012

    Strategies for Socio-Spatial Articulations

    One important aspect of contemporary global problems in the big cities is related to the bad conditions of life of a significant part of population, and with the broken city and society, that demands ...

    One important aspect of contemporary global problems in the big cities is related to the bad conditions of life of a significant part of population, and with the broken city and society, that demands to be articulated. The most important task of “social urbanism” requires the connection of formal and informal parts of the city offering better conditions of life for all citizens (poor and rich sectors) which implies to rearticulate the relations between city, urbanity, landscape and qualified public spaces. The challenge, in this sense, lies in the elaboration of specific concepts, the application of a methodology for the

    Polity, Civil Society
    Proposal
    Symposium 2012

    Participation as a public policy

    I think this is the way to work this issue. For the last 30 years we have seen housing policies failing very strongly because they regard only in the housing matter. Like some of the solutions offered ...

    I think this is the way to work this issue. For the last 30 years we have seen housing policies failing very strongly because they regard only in the housing matter. Like some of the solutions offered by the program "Minha Casa Minha vida" . In lots of cases, those were projects developed far away from the original place were the family lives, from the school of their childs -and don't have any nearby school at all-, from their working places, without a playground and communes support, and without the usual services these families are used to have close of

    Civil Society