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Symposium 2011

Solution for Water Scarcity and Virtual Water Trade

The Challenge

Two fifths of the world’s population faces water shortages. During the coming decades, water scarcity is expected to rise as a result of a rapid increase in the demand for water due to population gr ...

Two fifths of the world’s population faces water shortages. During the coming decades, water scarcity is expected to rise as a result of a rapid increase in the demand for water due to population growth, urbanization and increasing consumption of water per capita. In addition, climate change is expected to influence the supply of water, modifying the regional distribution of freshwater resources.

An integrated water management policy should consider the human dimension of water scarcity.

Water scarcity influences society in diverse ways. Water scarcity directly affects rural households, increasing the risks that threaten their food and livelihood security. Water scarcity may increase the potential of conflict over water resources. It may also reduce water quality and increase the risk of water-related and water-borne diseases. The lack of water will deprive access to adequate sanitation, aggravating conditions for poor people, particularly girls and women, around the world. An integrated water management policy should take all these considerations into account.

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