You are here: Home Knowledge Base Environment Promoting Food Security: The Contribution of Climate-Smart Agriculture Background Paper 'Climate-Smart' Agriculture: Policies, Practices and Financing for Food Security, Adaptation and Mitigation
Symposium 2012

Background Paper - 'Climate-Smart' Agriculture: Policies, Practices and Financing for Food Security, Adaptation and Mitigation

The Challenge

The world’s population is expected to grow from the current seven billion to 9.2 billion by 2050. At the same time, consumption patterns are shifting towards diets containing more protein. So the Fo ...

The world’s population is expected to grow from the current seven billion to 9.2 billion by 2050. At the same time, consumption patterns are shifting towards diets containing more protein. So the Food and Agricultural Organization estimates that meeting the growing global demand for food requires a 70% increase in total agricultural production.

Agriculture in developing countries must undergo a significant transformation in order to meet the related challenges of achieving food security and responding to climate change. Projections based on population growth and food consumption patterns indicate that  agricultural production will need to increase by at least 70 percent to meet demands by 2050. Most estimates also indicate that climate change is likely to reduce agricultural productivity, production stability and incomes in some areas that already have high levels of food insecurity. Developing climate-smart agriculture1 is thus crucial to achieving future food security and climate change goals. This paper examines some of the key technical, institutional, policy and financial responses required to achieve this transformation. Building on case studies from the field, the paper outlines a range of practices, approaches and tools aimed at increasing the resilience and productivity of agricultural production systems, while also reducing and removing emissions. The second part of the paper surveys  institutional and policy options available to promote the transition to climate-smart agriculture at the smallholder level. Finally, the paper considers current financing gaps and makes innovative suggestions regarding the combined use of different sources, financing mechanisms and delivery systems.