You are here: Home Knowledge Base Environment Managing Marine Resources Solutions Establish robust and effective management systems for responsible and sustainable fisheries. For example, secure longterm fishing rights for the fishers; set the costs from sanctions substantially higher than the market ...
Symposium 2009

Solution for Managing Marine Resources

The Challenge

Three quarters of the global marine fish stock are deemed fully exploited oroverfished. Declining or collapsing fish stocks imply not just the loss of economic benefits but also the loss of liveliho ...

Three quarters of the global marine fish stock are deemed fully exploited oroverfished. Declining or collapsing fish stocks imply not just the loss of economic benefits but also the loss of livelihood for many people in developing countries. The global challenge is to come up with management approaches to sustain global fish stocks in the future without withdrawing the basic food for developing countries in the present.

Establish robust and effective management systems for responsible and sustainable fisheries. For example, secure longterm fishing rights for the fishers; set the costs from sanctions substantially higher than the market price from over-fishing; and specify fish quotas in terms of number of fish rather than weight, thereby protecting juvenile fish.

Management systems have to be improved, so that good incentives for fishers are in place. The most important long-term measure is to secure long-term fishing rights for the fishers to encourage fishing in a responsible manner, because they can be confident that they will receive future benefits from their stewardship.

The most important short-term measures are to address the problem of discards, to include sufficient sanctions, and to ensure that caught fish are of sufficient size. With discards, the more developed the underlying fishery, the more strongly discard should be regulated up to the level of complete prohibition. The potential problem of unused quotas with prohibition of discards in mixed fisheries can be addressed with a portfolio approach for the quotas.

Sanctions have to be set so that the costs related to them are substantially higher than the market price for overfishing, otherwise the sanctions become irrelevant.

Management systems must ensure there is adequate protection for juvenile fish to ensure that sufficient fish can spawn. For this purpose, in certain fisheries, giving quotas in numbers instead of weight should be explored as a possible solution.

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