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Symposium 2011

Managing Adaptation to Climate Change in the Developing World

The Challenge

In policy discussions of climate change, mitigation has been the main focus to date but adaptation to climate change is moving up the policy agenda. Simulation models suggest that the negative effects of climate change disproportionately fall on the developing world. Some argue that such effects have already started to become visible in the form of agricultural damage, displacement of people by floods, etc.

Moreover, the poor have very limited capacities and resilience for coping with climate change. Focusing on adaptation in low-income countries can therefore yield a large benefit in terms of social welfare. The conditions in low-income countries are different from those in the developed world, calling for research and planning tailored to individual countries.

Possible solutions for the problem of climate change adaptation in the developing world include technology transfer, financing mechanisms for adaptation, grass roots initiatives and national adaptation plans. These solutions can be part of policy-making or private initiatives.

Where should priorities be set: on grass roots initiatives or centralized “top-down” adaptation plans? How does autonomous adaptation by local firms, households and communities interact with national or regional policy-making on adaptation, taking consideration of uncertainty about the magnitude of climate-induced changes? Is there a new climate-resilient development path and how do incentives for governments and donors have to be changed to turn the wheel towards such a path?

Which combinations of adaptation strategies are mutually reinforcing and which ones conflict with each other? For example, do domestic and international climate change migration and technology transfer reinforce each other by way of a strong flow of ideas and remittances, or do they conflict with each other because of a brain drain from strongly affected regions?

    Solutions

    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    Encourage political participation and promote responsive leadership.

    Encourage political participation and promote responsive leadership.

    Encourage political participation and promote responsive leadership.

    Polity, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    Adopt an integrated approach to promoting water and food security.

    Adopt an integrated approach to promoting water and food security.

    Adopt an integrated approach to promoting water and food security.

    Polity, Business, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    Donors should fund directly or establish incentives for the creation of new appropriate technologies, for example, drought or high temperature tolerant crops or vaccines for human and animal diseases.

    Donors should fund directly or establish incentives for the creation of new appropriate technologies, for example, drought or high temperature tolerant crops or vaccines for human and animal diseases.

    Donors should fund directly or establish incentives for the creation of new appropriate technologies, for example, drought or high temperature tolerant crops or vaccines for human and animal diseases.

    Polity, Business, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2011

    Use index insurance to manage climate risks, effectively reinsure national carriers and support insurance with transfers from high-income countries.

    Use index insurance to manage climate risks, effectively reinsure national carriers and support insurance with transfers from high-income countries.

    Use index insurance to manage climate risks, effectively reinsure national carriers and support insurance with transfers from high-income countries.

    Polity, Business, Civil Society

    Proposals

    Proposal
    Symposium 2011

    Managing Adaptation to Climate Change in the Developing World

    Proposed solution: Natural ecosystems have been proven one of the most cost effective tools for adaptation to climate change. Therefore, we use natural protected areas as an effective tool to tackle c ...

    Proposed solution: Natural ecosystems have been proven one of the most cost effective tools for adaptation to climate change. Therefore, we use natural protected areas as an effective tool to tackle climate change. Summary of proposal Climate change represents a growing threat to the natural and human capital worldwide. It has been predicted to impact ecosystems in several ways, such as diminishing water supply. However, natural ecosystems have been proven one of the most cost effective tools for adaptation. We therefore, use natural protected areas as an effective tool to tackle climate change. In this context, Mexico, through the

    Polity
    Proposal
    Symposium 2011

    Managing Adaptation to Climate Change in the Developing World

    Solution 1: Recognize poverty reduction as the primary adaptation measure Poverty reinforces people’s vulnerability to climate change. For example, poor farmers are caught in weather-sensitive subs ...

    Solution 1: Recognize poverty reduction as the primary adaptation measure Poverty reinforces people’s vulnerability to climate change. For example, poor farmers are caught in weather-sensitive subsistence farming and do not have alternative employment options or financial means for self-protection. Efforts taken for poverty reduction, such as education and the provision of basic health care, can also make the population more adaptive to climate change. Solution 2: Low-regret investment in infrastructure Construction of infrastructure, such as water storage facilities and sea walls, is an important element of adaptation strategies to climate change. However, eventual usefulness or necessity of such infrastructures is

    Polity
    Proposal
    Symposium 2011

    Managing Adaptation to Climate Change in the Developing World

    Solution 1: Put agriculture & food security at the top of development & national security priorities The multiple challenges of food, energy, and water security, are connected in complex ways, and if ...

    Solution 1: Put agriculture & food security at the top of development & national security priorities The multiple challenges of food, energy, and water security, are connected in complex ways, and if not managed well have implications for national and regional security. This requires an integrated policy & management approach by creating a policy environment that implements a cross-sectoral approach to agriculture and food security. This ought to be in the form of a multidisciplinary model of the food system using more integrated approaches to food security in the context of climate change. Solution 2: Recognize that one-size-fits all

    Polity, Business
    Proposal
    Symposium 2011

    Developing climate-resilient crops in Africa

    Agriculture is currently a major source of income for most African countries, and is expected to remain so for the foreseeable future. However, global warming poses a threat to many African crops---es ...

    Agriculture is currently a major source of income for most African countries, and is expected to remain so for the foreseeable future. However, global warming poses a threat to many African crops---especially grains such as maize, sorghum and millet----not just because higher temperatures make these crops harder to grow, but because warming is expected to cause arid regions to become still drier, and wet regions to become still rainier. Developing crops that are resilient to higher temperatures and to either increased aridity or rainfall is therefore important to Africa’s long-run economic growth and security. Of course, many other parts

    Polity, Academia, Business
    Proposal
    Symposium 2011

    Developing Countries are Most Affected by Climate Change and Need the Support of the Industrialized Countries to Adapt to the Unavoidable Risks

    The need to support developing countries Global warming will increase the variability of weather and most likely result in more extreme weather events. The Munich Re NatCatSERVICE data on loss relevan ...

    The need to support developing countries Global warming will increase the variability of weather and most likely result in more extreme weather events. The Munich Re NatCatSERVICE data on loss relevant natural disasters already show such a trend for the last 30 years. The Germanwatch Climate Risk Index, which ranks the countries according to their extreme weather risks, shows that all countries in the top ten of this index are developing countries, led by Bangladesh, Myanmar and Honduras. 95% of fatalities from natural disasters in the last 25 years occurred in developing countries. Furthermore, indices characterizing the expected range of

    Polity, Business

    Implemen- tations

    Implementation
    Symposium 2011

    Adapting farming to a changing climate

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society