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Symposium 2011

Implementation - A range of measures by the Kenyan Government

The Challenge

Global competition and the global financial crisis have put additional pressures on education programs around the world—what they should deliver, how they should be delivered and how they should be ...

Global competition and the global financial crisis have put additional pressures on education programs around the world—what they should deliver, how they should be delivered and how they should be financed in terms of the relative contributions of the public and private sectors.

Solution 1: Reinvent education using powerful distance-learning tools adapted to the economic development of a country, from community radio to more technological-intensive E-learning, guided by real pedagogues.

The Task Force on the Re-alignment of the Education Sector to the Constitution of Kenya 2010 has recently presented its findings and recommendations to the Education Minister. The following are the conclusions that are pertinent to ICT:

  • A range of measures by the Kenyan GovernmentThe development of digital content has been progressing well at the Kenya Institute of Education (KIE).
  • An ICT Curriculum has been introduced at teacher training level.
  • The proposed 10-Year Master Plan for ICT in Education will ensure that ICT development will be holistic and integrated with all levels of education. This will produce citizens knowledgeable and skilled in using ICT as well as having the ability to compete with the outside world as envisioned in the KENYA VISION 2030.
  • A National Centre for ICT in Education (NACICTIE) will be established, complete with a National Help Desk and Support Section.
  • Enhancement of Public-Private-Partnership for ICT investment in education and training.
  • Provision of computers in schools based on the following ratios:
    • one desktop per 15 learners, and one laptop per teacher;
    • projected costs for implementation of ICT Master Plan in Education (2010–2015):

 

Unit costs

Total for 2012 year

Primary schools



Computer Learning Resource Centers

KShs.50,000

23billion

Computers for Teachers

KShs.35,000

6billion

Secondary schools



Computer Learning Resource Centers

KShs.50,000

11billion

Computers for Teachers

KShs.35,000

3billion

Total

KShs 43billion (approx.US$500million)

     

    • Launching of educational broadcasting services throughout the country.
      • In March 2011, the Kenyan President launched the broadcasting station granting the Kenya Institute of Education (KIE) a fully dedicated digital educational broadcast channel (Radio and Television) with outreach to all areas of the country.

     

    Solution 2: Investing early in education is better than fixing problems later.

    Implementation: The Government of Kenya has placed greater emphasis on Early Childhood Education and has already taken the following steps:

    • provided more financial and physical resources to Early Child Education and Development(ECED) programs;
    • provided free 2-year pre-schooling for all children before they can proceed to primary school;
    • developed, through Kenya Institute of Education (KIE), a comprehensive curriculum for ECED to include computer games in order to introduce and enhance computing skills in young pupils;
    • established a modern library and resource center for ECED;
    • provided more resources for systematic training of teachers specifically for ECED institutions;
    • the Government budget for 2011–2012 fiscal year has increased the allocation for pre-schooling programs throughout the country as a sound investment in early education; this is in addition to free primary education introduced in 2003;
    • the Government introduced free primary school dducation in 2003, making basic education accessible to all Kenyans; as a result, enrolments at primary school level rose from 5.9 million in 2003 to 8.8 million in 2010, representing 110% rross enrolment rate;
    • with these increases, the education sector is faced with various challenges relating to access, relevance, completion rates, gender and regional disparities, equity and quality, which the country is grappling with;
    • the Government will offer accelerated learning to all pupils in early years of schooling.

     

    Solution 4: More evidence-based studies are needed to help in the restructuring of education. They clearly benefit to the decision making process faced by policy-makers.

    Implementation:

    • A Task Force on the realignment of the education sector to the new Constitution and the Kenya Vision 2030 has presented its report (February 2012) which will be discussed by all stakeholders before final recommendations are presented to the Government;
    • The Government will transform the Kenya Institute of Education to Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) through an Act of Parliament during 2012.

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