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Symposium 2009

New Knowledge Creation Regimes

The Challenge

To promote the creation and dissemination of knowledge in a globalizing world, public finance of R&D and the patent system must be helped work together. The traditional public finance provision of knowledge is often inhibited by financial restrictions. The traditional patent system, on the other hand, may restrict the flow of knowledge and thereby impede economic growth in developed and less developed countries.

In this context, intermediate institutional regimes - such as open source technology, general public licenses, soft patents, public private partnerships and private philanthropy - have come to play an increasingly important role.

What is the appropriate legal and institutional environment to generate the most productive and equitable combinations of these regimes?

What set of concerted international regulations is likely to create enough room for country and sector specific solutions, while giving special attention to the needs of SMEs and less developed countries?

What is the desirable division of labor between basic research funded by governments and applied research funded by business? How can private philanthropy be strengthened, in order to bridge gaps between needs and capacities for research and development? Should the width and duration of patents be restricted? What is the desirable role of guarantee funds (like AMC) equipped by governments or by sponsors, that frame well-defined research objectives, and guarantee for the future returns to it? Should compulsory licensing of patented productions, in matters of life and death, be introduced to allow free access for poor countries?

    Solutions

    Solution
    Symposium 2009

    Redesign the framework for international property rights (IPRs) to move from a system that encourages the maximization of royalties to a system that encourages the maximization of reciprocal knowledge donation. ...

    Redesign the framework for international property rights (IPRs) to move from a system that encourages the maximization of royalties to a system that encourages the maximization of reciprocal knowledge ...

    Redesign the framework for international property rights (IPRs) to move from a system that encourages the maximization of royalties to a system that encourages the maximization of reciprocal knowledge donation. Use national labs systems to start this process.

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2009

    Restrict public funding of research and development to projects that go into the public domain, supported internationally by reciprocal concessions.

    Restrict public funding of research and development to projects that go into the public domain, supported internationally by reciprocal concessions.

    Restrict public funding of research and development to projects that go into the public domain, supported internationally by reciprocal concessions.

    Polity, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2009

    Enable the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) to create an effective legal framework for intellectual property rights.

    Enable the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) to create an effective legal framework for intellectual property rights.

    Enable the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) to create an effective legal framework for intellectual property rights.

    Polity, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2009

    Governments should facilitate the creation of knowledge groups—including innovators, knowledge partners, and funders—to promote knowledge creation on health, environmental, and poverty issues.

    Governments should facilitate the creation of knowledge groups—including innovators, knowledge partners, and funders—to promote knowledge creation on health, environmental, and poverty issues.

    Governments should facilitate the creation of knowledge groups—including innovators, knowledge partners, and funders—to promote knowledge creation on health, environmental, and poverty issues.

    Polity, Business, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2009

    Create an Intellectual Property Agency to determine the optimal duration and width of patents on a case-by-case basis.

    Create an Intellectual Property Agency to determine the optimal duration and width of patents on a case-by-case basis.

    Create an Intellectual Property Agency to determine the optimal duration and width of patents on a case-by-case basis.

    Polity, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2009

    Stimulate competition to share knowledge. For example, governments should make research-and-development grants dependent on commitments to waive intellectual property rights early.

    Stimulate competition to share knowledge. For example, governments should make research-and-development grants dependent on commitments to waive intellectual property rights early.

    Stimulate competition to share knowledge. For example, governments should make research-and-development grants dependent on commitments to waive intellectual property rights early.

    Polity

    Proposals

    Proposal
    Symposium 2009

    New Knowledge Creation Regimes

    The general task is to find the appropriate rules of the game in order to bring about the best combinations of various knowledge appropriation systems: the traditional antagonistic systems of public f ...

    The general task is to find the appropriate rules of the game in order to bring about the best combinations of various knowledge appropriation systems: the traditional antagonistic systems of public financing of R&D and of the patent system as well as the more recent, intermediate systems, such as open source technology, general public licenses, soft (or weak) patents, public private partnerships and private philanthropy. Creating an internationally recognized regulatory regime that allows a greater variety of knowledge appropriation systems to coexist might prove to be a positive-sum game promoting innovation and growth. Appropriate policy action regulating these knowledge

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Proposal
    Symposium 2009

    New Knowledge Creation Regimes: Issues concerning 'the rules of the game', 'the play of the game' and the market place for knowledge based assets

    Focusing on the ‘rules of the game’ embedded in the new knowledge creation regimes (mostly based upon IPR law and IPR enforcement) and the ‘play of the game’ of firms and individuals within th ...

    Focusing on the ‘rules of the game’ embedded in the new knowledge creation regimes (mostly based upon IPR law and IPR enforcement) and the ‘play of the game’ of firms and individuals within the alternative (proprietary and non-proprietary) institutions of knowledge creation (or Intellectual Property (IP) governance), this entry aims to contribute to the critical debate on the performance of our knowledge creation regimes at various levels (nations, sectors, firms, etc.). The importance of a high quality IP market place to reach both societal and corporate benefits is also highlighted to be a matter of concern for wealth creation.  

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Proposal
    Symposium 2009

    Extending Open Source to Commercial Biology

    Forty years ago, many publicly-financed R&D programs required grant recipients to immediately deposit their discoveries in the public domain. This amounted to a judgment that grant support was alread ...

    Forty years ago, many publicly-financed R&D programs required grant recipients to immediately deposit their discoveries in the public domain. This amounted to a judgment that grant support was already sufficient -- i.e., that the inventors' patent rights should have zero breadth and zero duration. Today, on the other hand, policymakers have gone to the other extreme by reflexively encouraging researchers to seek full-width, full-duration patents. But why limit ourselves to this all-or-nothing choice? Full breath/duration rights are surely necessary where R&D is expensive or the expected social benefits are very large. But there are other instances where more moderate rights would suffice while

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society