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Symposium 2013

Solution for The Future of the Arab World

The Challenge

In December 2010, as its outset, the Arab Spring was non-ideological and leaderless. In many respects, it seemed to be the product of a “generational revolution”: 100 million young Arabs were risi ...

In December 2010, as its outset, the Arab Spring was non-ideological and leaderless. In many respects, it seemed to be the product of a “generational revolution”: 100 million young Arabs were rising against stifling economic and political structures that had stripped them of their freedoms while giving them in return one of the poorest education systems in the world, the highest unemployment rate together with a yawning income gap. Both Tunisia and Egypt demonstrated that rapid economic growth does not buy political stability unless political institutions and public governance are allowed to mature equally rapidly.

Promote regional economic integration in the Middle East through a Pan-Arab free trade area

Regional economic integration and trade in the Arab world are the lowest of any region. Integration was far greater before the present borders were created after the First World War. Increased regional integration, including with Israel if an entente is ever reached, would increase economic growth and reduce regional political tensions. A Pan-Arab free trade area could be promoted by eliminating unnecessary non-tariff measures, liberalizing services trade and strengthening the institutional rules applicable to regional trade.

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    Create a regional structural adjustment fund (a Marshall Plan for the Arab world) with reform requirements to restructure centralized economies

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