You are here: Home Knowledge Base Migrants Knocking on Europe's Doors: Towards a Coherent Response to Irregular Immigration Virtual Library The Economic Integration of Forced Migrants: Evidence from Postwar Germany
Symposium 2015

Virtual Library File - The Economic Integration of Forced Migrants: Evidence from Postwar Germany

The Challenge

Tens of thousands of irregular migrants, mostly from Africa and the Middle East, set out for Europe each year. If they reach Europe alive, most ultimately manage to stay here - irrespective of whether ...

Tens of thousands of irregular migrants, mostly from Africa and the Middle East, set out for Europe each year. If they reach Europe alive, most ultimately manage to stay here - irrespective of whether they are granted political asylum or refugee status. However, many irregular immigrants first have to criss-cross Europe in search of somewhere safe to live. Later, many live off welfare for several years because they are not allowed to work. Furthermore, EU member states have been slow to support those afflicted by humanitarian crises in their neighborhood, such as the war in Syria. In addition, there are almost no legal employment opportunities for low or medium-skilled immigrants from outside the EU. This situation calls for a comprehensive policy response by the EU and its member states to address humanitarian crises, apply uniform standards for protecting refugees and for deciding on political asylum and refugee status, and provide more legal employment opportunities for non-EU immigrants.

This column analysis the effects of forced migration of Germans from central and eastern Europe after World War II. The authors find that children of forced migrants make larger investments into education than the non-migrant population. With a few exceptions, however, they also show labor market outcomes to be negative.