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Symposium 2014

Fighting Corruption in a Multipolar World

The Challenge

Corruption is one of the most pressing issues that impede social, political, and economic progress in developing countries. While international organizations, Western donors, and multinational corporations have increasingly subscribed to good governance clauses and codes of conduct, their efforts partly remain challenged by the dubious activities that persist in international business transactions. These activities are particularly prominent in the awarding of public procurement contracts and among industries engaged in foreign direct investment (FDI) in developing regions.

In a world that is becoming increasingly dependent on both private and public sector transactions at an international scale, we question how momentum for domestic reform can be translated into preventing companies from engaging in corrupt practices abroad, particularly in developing economies. Drawing on best practice cases that have achieved success in the fight against corruption (FAC); we look for factors that may impede knowledge transfer to developing countries, particularly to those countries that are highly dependent on foreign investment.

    Solutions

    Solution
    Symposium 2014

    Establishing industry-based groups which share effective measures against corruption challenges specific to their sectors

    Establishing industry-based groups which share effective measures against corruption challenges specific to their sectors

    Establishing industry-based groups which share effective measures against corruption challenges specific to their sectors

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Solution
    Symposium 2014

    Establishing or enhancing the rules for government procurement processes in developing countries to improve transparency and accountability for foreign investors

    Establishing or enhancing the rules for government procurement processes in developing countries to improve transparency and accountability for foreign investors

    Establishing or enhancing the rules for government procurement processes in developing countries to improve transparency and accountability for foreign investors

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society

    Proposals

    Proposal
    Symposium 2014

    The promotion of business integrity materials developed in emerging markets

    The UN and OECD should adopt and promote business integrity tools developed in emerging market environments, rather than those from environments in developed nations where the regulatory and legal fra ...

    The UN and OECD should adopt and promote business integrity tools developed in emerging market environments, rather than those from environments in developed nations where the regulatory and legal frameworks are robust and enforced vigorously. Many of the business integrity tools provided by the UN, OECD and other global organisations are designed in an environment where regulators and law enforcers are effective in monitoring business operations, and penalising companies which act in a corrupt manner. In developing countries this is not often the case. Materials developed in environments where law enforcement is weak or non-existent should be identified and promoted

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Proposal
    Symposium 2014

    The sharing of effective anticorruption practices at an industry level

    Establish industry-based groups which share effective measures against corruption challenges specific to the sector. The corruption challenges faced by companies operating in a specific industry are o ...

    Establish industry-based groups which share effective measures against corruption challenges specific to the sector. The corruption challenges faced by companies operating in a specific industry are often very similar. Some companies have been very effective in dealing with these challenges, while others continue to struggle. Furthermore, collective action by industry groups can be far more effective in fixing corruption problems in a given country than a single company attempting to go it alone. It is therefore suggested that industry-based forums are established to enable companies operating in a particular sector to share their experiences and solutions in overcoming this problem.

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society
    Proposal
    Symposium 2014

    Strengthening the Public Procurement Process

    Establish or enhance the rules for Government procurement processes, in order to improve transparency and accountability. Public procurement is essential to ensure high and sustainable economic growth ...

    Establish or enhance the rules for Government procurement processes, in order to improve transparency and accountability. Public procurement is essential to ensure high and sustainable economic growth. When done well, it results in the awarding of contracts to companies which deliver maximum value to the public, and improves the level of wellbeing for society as a whole. However, public procurement has always been highlighted as a high risk area for corruption, where government processes are prone to manipulation to the advantage of influential individuals for personal gain. It is therefore imperative to embed transparency and accountability measures into public procurement

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society

    Background Paper

    Background Paper
    Symposium 2014

    Fighting Corruption in a Multipolar World

    Corruption is one of the most pressing issues that impede the political, social, and economic progress in developing countries. It frequently occurs in foreign business transactions. In an attempt to ...

    Corruption is one of the most pressing issues that impede the political, social, and economic progress in developing countries. It frequently occurs in foreign business transactions. In an attempt to curb corruption, many states and international organizations have adopted anti-corruption laws and conventions. This fact sheet gives some backround information.

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society

    Virtual Library

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2014

    Exporting Corruption Progress Report 2013

    Assessing Enforcement of the OECD Convention on Combating Foreign Bribery, Berlin: Transparency International The latest Transparency International Report on the enforcement of the OECD Convention on ...

    Assessing Enforcement of the OECD Convention on Combating Foreign Bribery, Berlin: Transparency International

    The latest Transparency International Report on the enforcement of the OECD Convention on Combating Foreign Bribery reveals sobering results: only eight countries that account for 32.3 percent of world’s exports in 2013 show active or moderate enforcement patterns. 30 countries accounting for 38.2 percent of exports show limited to no enforcement at all. The rising powers Brazil, Russia, and South Africa that subscribed to the Convention belong to this latter category. The report shows that these BRICS share certain enforcement problems, such as independent reporting channels and whistleblower protection and urges other major exporters, such as China or India, to join the Convention.

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2014

    Cracking Down on Exported Corruption,

    In this short opinion piece, Andy Spalding provides a thorough albeit brief insight into the global export of corruption by multinational corporations, such as Walmart, into developing and emerging ec ...

    In this short opinion piece, Andy Spalding provides a thorough albeit brief insight into the global export of corruption by multinational corporations, such as Walmart, into developing and emerging economies. He highlights the evolution of international conventions and national measures to combat foreign bribery and hypothesizes that the strict, but highly selective enforcement of conventions in only some countries is likely to increase overall levels of corruption.

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2014

    Controlling Corruption Through Collective Action

    Alina Mungiu-Pippidi combines analyses of recent data and historical evidence to argue that collective action of grassroots movements should be fostered to effectively hold officials catering for part ...

    Alina Mungiu-Pippidi combines analyses of recent data and historical evidence to argue that collective action of grassroots movements should be fostered to effectively hold officials catering for particularistic interests accountable. She concludes that donors can help to foster a norm of ethical behavior by increasing people’s access to the internet, providing support for independent media outlets, and by ensuring the long-term viability of watchdog dissemination activities.