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Symposium 2014

Enhancing Social Capital

The Challenge

Social capital is described as the expectations of trust and reciprocity arising out of people’s relationships to each other. Fostering social capital enables people to cooperate for mutual benefit in the absence of contractual arrangements or monitoring. Social capital is crucially important for economic prosperity. Modern societies that are characterized by global markets, bureaucratic administration, instant communication, and increasing migration do not allow for effective “bonding” social capital between members of small groups. Currently, people typically not only depend on those in their close social networks, but are increasingly depending on cooperation with strangers. “Bridging” social capital enables people across cultures and borders to work towards common purposes and to expect that people unknown to them will deal with them honestly and fairly. Strong social capital is especially relevant in a globalized economy where workers and managers, or suppliers and customers can be separated by cultures, states and oceans. Large-scale problems, such as reducing inequality or addressing global climate change, will require citizens to trust their governments and to identify with people from other societies affected by the same problems.

Which policies might foster bridging social capital across cultures? How can immigration policies integrate migrants into communities so that societies gain from diversity without compromising social cohesion? How can we foster effective and accountable governance while respecting the rights of national minorities? Do outside corruption monitors increase faith in governments or foster resentment towards outsiders? How can we design policy reforms that reflect the concerns of both natives and minorities?

    Proposals

    Proposal
    Symposium 2014

    Enhancing Social Capital

    Though relatively new compared to its predecessors such as human capital, natural capital, financial capital, and physical capital, social capital has garnered much interest among various stakeholders ...

    Though relatively new compared to its predecessors such as human capital, natural capital, financial capital, and physical capital, social capital has garnered much interest among various stakeholders. Emerging as one of the most significant concepts in social sciences, social capital can simply be defined as an asset or resource, a process or a network used to achieve individual or collective productivity. This resource is built by developing vertical and horizontal networks in order to increase trust, enhance ability to work together and expand access. Within these networks, people exchange—virtually and face-to-face—affects power, information and goods. The intensity of networking or

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society

    Background Paper

    Background Paper
    Symposium 2014

    Enhancing Social Capital

    This paper shows countries by percentage of sampled respondents who say “people in general” can be trusted, summarizes recenttrends of public confidence in governments and compares support for res ...

    This paper shows countries by percentage of sampled respondents who say “people in general” can be trusted, summarizes recent
    trends of public confidence in governments and compares support for restricting immigration across countries.

    Polity, Academia, Business, Civil Society

    Virtual Library

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2014

    Does social capital have an impact on the employability of Nigerian graduates?

    Employment is an important factor in the social and economic development of every nation (Dacre and Sewell 2007). Therefore, the measures of utilisation of labour are of great concern to researchers a ...

    Employment is an important factor in the social and economic development of every nation (Dacre and Sewell 2007). Therefore, the measures of utilisation of labour are of great concern to researchers and policy makers (Morrow 2001). Studies have revealed that Africa as whole and Nigeria specifically has continued to fail in its labour utilisation (Olaniyan et al 2013). Watts (2009) concluded that unemployment represents a colossal waste of a country's human resources and immensely contribute into many other socio-economic problems such as the armed robbery, prostitution, thuggery, abject poverty etc. Okojie (2003), regrets that Nigeria being one of the largest oil producers in the world, still remains one of the poorest countries in the world with low youth employability and high unemployment rates in general.

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2014

    Social Capital: Implications for Development Theory, Research, and Policy

    This article introduces the lay-reader to the concept of social capital. It discusses major works in the literature and the different concepts grouped under this term. Social capital can be thought of ...

    This article introduces the lay-reader to the concept of social capital. It discusses major works in the literature and the different concepts grouped under this term. Social capital can be thought of in terms of community norms, networks of trust and reciprocity, or institutional quality.

     

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2014

    Robert Putnam on Immigration and Social Cohesion

    The following interview with Robert Putnam discusses his work on how diversity may erode communities’ social capital in the short run. He also discusses the ways in which the United States have ov ...

    The following interview with Robert Putnam discusses his work on how diversity may erode communities’ social capital in the short run. He also discusses the ways in which the United States have overcome this problem in the long run by integrating social groups over several generations.

    Virtual Library File
    Symposium 2014

    Southern Europe is suspicious: the evolution of trust in the EU

    This article discusses how poor economic performance in southern Europe has eroded citizens’ views on the benefits of economic and social integration. The findings present serious challenges to poli ...
    This article discusses how poor economic performance in southern Europe has eroded citizens’ views on the benefits of economic and social integration. The findings present serious challenges to policymakers who must seek support for cross-border collaboration from increasingly skeptical publics.